Hydrocephalus is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull and causes the brain to swell. In some cases hydrocephalus starts in utero, resulting from a birth defect, genetic abnormality or certain infections. It can also occur in infants, toddlers and older children as a result of a central nervous system infection or tumor, head trauma, or bleeding in the brain.
Visual consequences of hydrocephalus can range from mild deterioration to marked loss. Problems may include grayouts and reduced vision, misaligned eyes, which may result in double vision and a nystagmus, or involuntary shaking of the eyes.
Our office has had good success with improving the functional nature of vision and performance of patients with hydrocephalus. For more information on our methods of treating visual impairments in hydrocephalus please refer here.
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