Visual, DEVELOPMENTAL & EDUCATIONAL Services for your entire family



Existing deficits in vision surface in the following three areas. 

Each of our evaluation methods will cover these respective constructs:

  • Posture- How does the patient orient his/her body? Does the patient toe inward or outward, or up on his/her toes when walking? Does the patient tilt his/her head?

  • Attention- Does the patient pay visual attention? If so, for how long is attention sustained? Does the patient attempt to shut down one form of sensory input in order to attend to another- for instance, by covering his/her ears while watching television, to reduce auditory input? Or by listening to ones teacher or a speaker without making eye contact or focusing with ones eyes?

  • Disposition- Is the patient habitually relaxed or tense? Does he or she exhibit nervousness or anxiety? Are there self-stimulatory behaviors, such as flapping, scratching or rocking?

Comprehensive Exam:  A comprehensive examination includes preliminary visual skills testing, refractive testing which will check unaided and aided visual acuity, ocular health evaluation, including that of the appendages of the eyes and basic muscle balance testing. It is suitable for individuals of all ages and is typically conducted in 30 minutes.

Visual Perceptual Analysis:  This evaluation includes additional testing to explore, in depth, the patient's specific eye movements and visual perceptual adequacies and inadequacies. This type of examination is appropriate for patients with reading problems, trouble focusing their attention and slow processing speed, headaches, fatigue, night and computer vision difficulties, trouble with sports and balance (such as motion sickness and vertigo), as well as anxiety disorders. It is suitable for individuals of all ages and is typically conducted in 60 to 90 minutes.

      A visual perceptual analysis is designed to:

  • Investigate the efficiency level of visual skills in traditional and novel tasks
  • Measure and observe the individuals response to various constraints
  • Probe habitual performance and compare it to that which will include therapeutic lenses, in order to answer the question "can the current visual status be modified or changed to a higher, ordered level of development and performance?"

Kaplan Nonverbal Battery:  This method of testing facilitates the examination of patients with limited language or nonverbal needs. This includes infants and toddlers, as well as children, adolescents and adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities, such as autism, cerebral palsy, down syndrome and amongst others who may resist or be incapable of standard testing methods. This battery is the outgrowth of decades of testing "untestable" patients and is built on the approach of clinical expertise and observing your patient while allowing them to teach you how to help them.

There are a number of effective approaches to examining a nonverbal individual for corrective lenses (should a prescription for nearsightedness or farsightedness be warranted), as well as therapeutic prism lenses. An individual’s reaction to pre and post tasks involving posture, attention and disposition during the Kaplan Nonverbal Battery will reveal where deficits exist in the focal and ambient visual systems. Our doctors will also evaluate how embedded these deficits are and will provide necessary information as to how they can be corrected. This evaluation is suitable for individuals of all ages and is typically conducted in 30 to 60 minutes, with however many breaks may be necessary for the patient.



​Parents are encouraged to sit in on the evaluations, regardless of the type of evaluation scheduled. Please feel free to take notes and ask any questions you may have during or after the evaluation. 

A detailed report is provided to each parent or caregiver following the initial evaluation. We encourage you to share these findings with other physicians, school administrators or your insurance company for reimbursement. If more questions arise after your evaluation, a consultation with our doctors may also be arranged.

Eye Evaluations in Tarrytown, NY