Infant & Toddler Vision Development Inventory

​                                  Birth- 4 months                                                                                    5-8 months

        *At birth, a babies vision is abuzz with all kinds of                    *During these months, control of  eye

        visual stimulation. While they may look intently                    movements and eye-body coordination skills
        at a high contrast target, babies have not yet                          continue to improve. Babies will now watch
        developed the ability to easily see details or even                activities for longer periods of time and they
        move their eyes between two images. Their                            visually inspect the toys they hold. At this
        primary focus is on objects 8 to 10 inches from                     stage, babies will sweep their eyes around
        their face or the distance to parent's face.                                the room to see what's happening.

       *During the first months of life, the eyes begin                     *Depth perception, which is the ability to

        working together and vision rapidly improves.                     judge if objects are closer or further away
        Eye-hand coordination begins to develop as the                 than other objects, is not present at birth. It is
        infant starts tracking moving objects with his or                 not until around the fifth month that the eyes
        her eyes and eventually reaches out for them.                     are capable of working together to form a
        By eight weeks, babies begin to more easily focus              three-dimensional view of the world and
        their eyes on the faces of a parent or other                            begin to see 3-D.

        persons near them.    

        *For the first two months of life, an infant's                            *Although an infant's color vision is not as

​​        eyes are not well coordinated and may appear to                sensitive as an adult's, it is generally believed

        wander or be crossed. This is usually normal                          that babies have good color vision by five

        before six months of age, however, if an eye                           months of age.

​        appears to turn in or out constantly, an

        evaluation is warranted.

         *At around three months of age, babies should                   *Most babies start crawling at about 8 months

         begin to follow moving objects with their eyes                    old, which helps further develop eye-hand-       

         and consistently reach for things around them.                   foot-body coordination. Early walkers who did

                                                                                                                                 minimal crawling may not learn to use their

​                                                                                                                                 eyes together as well as babies who crawl a


                                    9-12 months                                                                                             1-2 years old

        *At around 9 months of age, babies begin to pull                 *Visually explores and steers own hand and

        themselves up to a standing position. By 10                           foot activities, including walking.

        months of age, a baby should be able to grasp

        objects with thumb and forefinger.

       *By twelve months of age, most babies will be                        *By two years of age, a child's eye-hand

       crawling and trying to walk. Parents should                             coordination and depth perception should be

       encourage crawling rather than early walking to                   well developed.

       help the child develop better eye-hand


       *Babies can now judge distances fairly well and                     *Children this age are highly interested in 

       throw things with precision.                                                               exploring their environment and in looking

                                                                                                                                   and listening. They recognize familiar objects

                                                                                                                                   and pictures in books and can scribble with

                                                                                                                                   a crayon or pencil.


The Importance ofInfantSEE Evaluations

Our professionals fulfill one of their many public health goals

by providing infant eye and visual health examinations through

the InfantSEE program, which is FREE to parents, regardless of

their income.

​InfantSEE assessments are strongly recommended between the

ages of 6 and 12 months to determine if an infant is at risk for a vision disorder. Since many visual and developmental problems arise from conditions that can be identified by an eye doctor in the infant's first year of life, a parent can give their child a great gift by seeking an InfantSEE assessment, in addition to the wellness evaluation that is done by the child's pediatrician or family practice doctor.

Prevalence of Vision Disorders and Eye Disease in Children according to the American Optometric Association

  • ​Vision disorders are the fourth most common disability in the United States and the most prevalent handicapping condition during childhood

  • 1 in every 10 children are at risk from undiagnosed vision problems, yet only 13 percent of mothers with children younger than 2 years of age said they had taken their babies to see an eye and vision care professional for a regular check-up or well-care visit

  • 1 in 30 children will be affected by amblyopia often referred to as lazy eye – a leading cause of vision loss in people younger than 45 years

  • 1 in 25 will develop strabismus – more commonly seen as eye turns– a risk factor for amblyopia

  • 1 in 33 will show significant refractive error such as near-sightedness, far-sightedness and astigmatism

  • 1 in 100 will exhibit evidence of eye disease – e.g. glaucoma

  • 1 in 20,000 children have retinoblastoma (intraocular cancer) the seventh most common pediatric cancer. Current red reflex screenings appear to be ineffective in detecting early retinoblastoma as over 80 percent of patients had their presenting sign detected by a family member or friend
  • Babies who may have been born prematurely are at a higher risk for visual problems. As a result of these visual impairments, a child may experience physical and visual developmental delays, such as an inability to keep eye contact with others or delays in sitting up, crawling or walking.  

At The Center for Visual Management, we believe early intervention, by means of examination and treatment, is a better and more efficient approach to late remediation.  Please call our office to schedule your child's InfantSEE evaluation today!


Visual, DEVELOPMENTAL & EDUCATIONAL Services for your entire family