Visual, DEVELOPMENTAL & EDUCATIONAL Services for your entire family
FOSTERING Clinical EXPERTISE, RESEARCH & EDUCATION
Infant & Toddler Vision Development Inventory
Birth- 4 months 5-8 months
*At birth, a babies vision is abuzz with all kinds of *During these months, control of eye
visual stimulation. While they may look intently movements and eye-body coordination skills
at a high contrast target, babies have not yet continue to improve. Babies will now watch
developed the ability to easily see details or even activities for longer periods of time and they
move their eyes between two images. Their visually inspect the toys they hold. At this
primary focus is on objects 8 to 10 inches from stage, babies will sweep their eyes around
their face or the distance to parent's face. the room to see what's happening.
*During the first months of life, the eyes begin *Depth perception, which is the ability to
working together and vision rapidly improves. judge if objects are closer or further away
Eye-hand coordination begins to develop as the than other objects, is not present at birth. It is
infant starts tracking moving objects with his or not until around the fifth month that the eyes
her eyes and eventually reaches out for them. are capable of working together to form a
By eight weeks, babies begin to more easily focus three-dimensional view of the world and
their eyes on the faces of a parent or other begin to see 3-D.
persons near them.
*For the first two months of life, an infant's *Although an infant's color vision is not as
eyes are not well coordinated and may appear to sensitive as an adult's, it is generally believed
wander or be crossed. This is usually normal that babies have good color vision by five
before six months of age, however, if an eye months of age.
appears to turn in or out constantly, an
evaluation is warranted.
*At around three months of age, babies should *Most babies start crawling at about 8 months
begin to follow moving objects with their eyes old, which helps further develop eye-hand-
and consistently reach for things around them. foot-body coordination. Early walkers who did
minimal crawling may not learn to use their
eyes together as well as babies who crawl a
9-12 months 1-2 years old
*At around 9 months of age, babies begin to pull *Visually explores and steers own hand and
themselves up to a standing position. By 10 foot activities, including walking.
months of age, a baby should be able to grasp
objects with thumb and forefinger.
*By twelve months of age, most babies will be *By two years of age, a child's eye-hand
crawling and trying to walk. Parents should coordination and depth perception should be
encourage crawling rather than early walking to well developed.
help the child develop better eye-hand
*Babies can now judge distances fairly well and *Children this age are highly interested in
throw things with precision. exploring their environment and in looking
and listening. They recognize familiar objects
and pictures in books and can scribble with
a crayon or pencil.
What is InfantSEE?
InfantSEE is a public service initiative established by the American
Optometric Association, through which our providers offer eye
and visual health examinations to infants between the ages of
6-12 months old. A child does not have to be eligible for Early
Intervention in order to receive an InfantSEE evaluation.
Examinations are at no-cost to parents, regardless of the parents
The Importance of InfantSEE Evaluations
InfantSEE assessments are strongly recommended to determine if an infant is at risk for a vision disorder. Since many visual and developmental problems arise from conditions that can be identified by an eye doctor in the infant's first year of life, a parent can give their child a great gift by seeking an InfantSEE assessment. It is not intended to replace, but is an important addition to the wellness evaluation that is done by the child's pediatrician or family practice doctor.
Our Doctors Feel Strongly About InfantSEE because...